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Timber Bamboo

Timber is some of your larger bamboo that gets 30 feet and taller. They are commonly used for crafts, wood flooring, shoots, construction, etc. It will add beauty and flair to your landscape.

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Name: Phyllostachys Atrovaginata  Incense
Height: 30ft / 9.1 m
Min. Temp: -15˚F / -26˚C
This variety is also known as incense bamboo since the surface of the culms when rubbed produces a scent similar to sandalwood. This is also a hardy plant that can survive negative temperatures. It typically grows to 3" in diameter. It is a favorite of landscapers and the sprouts are very good to eat with no bitterness even when raw. This bamboo is a great choice for wet areas and for erosion control, however, never plant bamboo in areas where standing water frequently occurs.
Name: Phyllostachys Aureosulcata  Yellow Groove
Height: 45 ft / 13.7 m
Min. Temp: -15˚F / -26˚C
This bamboo is commonly known as yellow groove bamboo due to its yellow stripe on green canes. It can reach a diameter of 2.25" and is very cold hardy. This bamboo is very popular in the US and in China. The mid season shoots are excellent to eat with no bitterness when raw. It is a fast grower and spreads rapidly in warmer climates. Make sure to choose a full sun planting site away from any overhead obstructions such as power lines.
Name: Phyllostachys Aureosulcata Alata
Height: 45 ft / 13.7 m
Min. Temp: -15˚F / -26˚C
This is the green version of yellow groove bamboo and is very similar. It can reach a diameter of 2.25". It is very cold hardy and also popular in the US and China. The shoots are great to eat raw or cooked with no bitterness. Choose a full sun site to plant this bamboo.
Name: Phyllostachys Bambusoides  Japanese Timber
Height: 72 ft / 22 m
Min. Temp: 5˚F / -15˚C
This timber bamboo can grow to be 72ft and 6" in diameter! It is truly a giant bamboo. However, it isn't as cold hardy as other bamboos. Make sure to give this bamboo plenty of room to grow. It has been recorded to grow 47.6 inches in one day in a mature grove. That's just 0.4 inches shy of 4 feet. Wow! This is a common timber bamboo in Japan. The wood is strong, straight, and thick making it an ideal building bamboo. The shoots are slightly bitter when raw, but make acceptable food after boiling.
Name: Phyllostachys Bambusoides  Slender Crookstem
Height: 48 ft / 14.6 m
Min. Temp: 5˚F / -15˚C
This is a medium to large plant with a maximum diameter of 2.75". This plant likes full sun but isn't very cold hardy. On some canes, the plant has a distinctive zig-zag at the base of the cane.
Name: Phyllostachys Dulcis  Sweetshoot
Height: 40 ft / 12.2 m
Min. Temp: 0˚F / -18˚C
This bamboo gets its name from its mild tasting shoots. It can grow to be 2.75" in diameter and grows fast. The shoots are excellent table fare. The wood quality of this bamboo is not as good as others but the taste will make up for this. Plant this bamboo in a full sun location in open spaces.
Name: Phyllostachys Heterocycla f. Pubescens  Moso
Height: 90 ft / 27.4 m
Min. Temp: 0˚F / -18˚C
This is a giant bamboo that can grow to a hefty diameter of 7 inches! This species likes full sun and will need a lot of room to grow to maturity. Most is a softer wood and has thick walls making it great for crafts. The thumbnail is from a Moso grove in Anderson, South Carolina where Jim Hudson has his hands around it to show the size of the canes.
Name: Phyllostachys Nigra  Black
Height: 55 ft / 16.8 m
Min. Temp: 0˚F / -18˚C
This is a beautiful ornamental bamboo that will turn black as it ages. The black culms make this plant very distinctive and attractive. This plant will make a very good bamboo for furniture and crafts as it retains its black color after being cut. The canes can grow to 3.25" with thin but hard walls. This bamboo is prized in China and Japan as an ornamental. The shoots are edible and make a good table addition.
Name: Phyllostachys Nigra 'Bory'  Tiger Bamboo
Height: 60 ft / 18.3 m
Min. Temp: 0˚F / -18˚C
This is a rather large bamboo that can grow to a diameter of 4". It likes full sun and should be planted in open spaces. This bamboo is known as Tiger bamboo due to its brown to purple spots on the culms. This is a rare ornamental that is would make a distinctive addition to your landscape.
Name: Phyllostachys Nigra Megurochiku
Height: 60 ft / 18.3 m
Min. Temp: -5˚F / -21˚C
This is a large bamboo that likes to be in full sun and open locations. It is cold hardy and a beautiful plant. This is a rare bamboo making it an excellent variety for collecting.
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